Many people think about how to repair damaged carpet from pets. I’m going to talk about why it is important to clean up pet urine from your carpet as soon as it happens. Now If your pet has urinated on your carpet and you have it professionally treated using the correct methods fairly quickly, then it’s pretty harmless. But If you don’t have it treated, then you’ll got big problem on your hands and I’ll explain why. Now there are two types of reactions that can take place between the chemicals in your pet’s urine and those in the dyes and fibres of your carpet The first type of reaction is immediately noticeable. The second reactions develop slowly over several hours, days to several months. As you may already know urine is acidic due to the main ingredient being uric acid.

So when urine is first deposited onto your carpet it’s in an acidic state. Now In this original acid state the urine begins to oxidize and react with the carpet and it can create immediate color loss on some types of carpets especially light color carpets, but if you act quickly this is often correctable. It is easier to remove at this point, when it is fresh, but this color change can be permanent if the urine is not quickly removed. Now as time passes, the pet stain will become increasingly more difficult to remove and the reason for that is as the urine dries it changes from being acidic to forming high alkaline crystalline salts.

This is a drastic chemical change and it can take a toll on your carpets. Now bleach is high alkaline for instance so because of the High alkaline content, Pet urine stains can have a permanent bleaching effect on some types of carpets. Now In most cases, stains created by urine tend to leave either a red tinge which means added to the existing color or a yellow tinge, meaning it’s reduced the existing color.  The shift in color in either case is  mostly always permanent in nature. The degree of staining will depend partly on the urine content, the fibre type and the dye method of the carpet and because of these variations, not all urine stains can be removed. Cat urine in particular is the worst, typically because cat diets are richer in protein than dog diets, their urine will produce harsher odours and are more likely to cause a stain.

One good thing is though Man Made fibres will be the most resistant to urine stains with polypropylene providing the greatest stain resistance. Now apart from the stain, odour is another big problem. There are two sources of odours associated with urine. The first comes from the bacteria. Now the warm acid state of the urine offers a perfect breeding ground for bacteria, which begins to flourish almost immediately. This bacteria growth and the decaying urine creates quite a stenchy smell. The second source of odour is a chemical odour that remains even after the bacteria have been killed. And that smell comes from those crystal salts that are left behind as the urine dries. Now these salts have a strong affinity for water, they draw in moisture, which activate the smells.

So what basically happens is the salts absorb the moisture from the air and when the moisture evaporates, the ammonia gas is released, which is quite an unpleasant eye watering smell. This explains why a simple sanitation is not enough when dealing with urine. So in order to remove the odour completely, all of the alkaline salt deposits must be completely removed in and under the carpet. So the solution to your problem is to get them professionally cleaned, in most cases the odour can be removed first time but on a very few occasions they might need a second treatment this is usually the case if the carpet is moderately to heavily stained with urine, usually a room that people use to keep Now if you’re looking for a qualified carpet cleaner, my advise would be is to look at the tacca website which we are members of, you’ll find excellent qualified local carpet cleaners on there and also the NCCA website. So there you have it, cleaning up your pet urine is more important than you think, if you clean it up quickly and have it treated then you’re likely to avoid all those stain and odour problems.

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